Nitraria billardierei

Uses: An excellent plant for soil erosion control and reclamation, particularly in coastal parks and reserves.
Spiny foliage can be pruned heavily.
Food source and refuge for birds, lizards and small mammals.
Cultural use: Large quantities of the fruit of this species were used as a food source by indigenous peoples.
Note: Although this species is not classified under the Sewerage Act, it is recommended that it not be planted closer than two metres to any sewer main or connection.

This plant is indigenous to the following botanical regions of South Australia.

:NW: North Western  
:LE: Lake Eyre   
:NU: Nullarbor   
:GT: Gairdner-Torrens   
:FR: Flinders Rangers  
:EA: Eastern   
:EP: Eyre Peninsula
:NL: Northern Lofty
:MU: Murray
:YP: Yorke Peninsula
:SL: Southern Lofty
:KI: Kangaroo Island
:SE: South Eastern
For detail on these regions refer to the user guide.

  • Height 1-2m
  • Spread 3-5m
  • Position
    • position-fullsun Full Sun
  • Family Zygophyllaceae
  • Botanical Name Nitraria billardierei
  • Common Name Nitrebush
  • Origin SA, WA, Vic, NSW, Qld, NT, ACT
  • Habit Dense, Mounding, Spreading to arching
  • Landscape Coast, Coastal cliffs, 2nd line coast, Footslopes, Plains
  • Soil Texture Clay, Loam, Sand
  • pH Alkaline, Neutral
  • Tolerates Drought, Lime, Moderate frost, Soil salinity
  • Supplementary Watering Minimal
  • Flower Colour White
  • Flowering Time Spring
  • Flower Type Clusters
  • Purpose Screen, Habitat, Erosion, Bush food
  • Evergreen/Deciduous Evergreen
  • Form Medium Shrub (Usually between 1.2m & 3.6m)
  • Indigenous to the Adelaide Region